Daniel Willard

Lead Senior Economist


Areas of expertise:
Oceans Program, natural resource economics, catch shares, marine protected areas

Daniel works with the Oceans Program team to develop market-based incentives and ecosystem-based strategies to restore fisheries and marine resources, as well as providing counsel on key issues in the Gulf of Mexico, Southeast Asia, and other fisheries.

Daniel engages academic economists, policy experts and fishermen to develop and guide economic research that is timely and relevant to key decision-makers. He conducts economic analysis of complex fishery management and marine resource conservation issues for key Oceans Program projects, including work with commercial and recreational reef fish, highly migratory species, and crab fisheries.


Prior to joining EDF, Daniel provided research support to economists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Alaska Fisheries Science Center in Seattle, Washington. His previous research focused on spatial fisheries management, with applications to Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands fisheries and Steller sea lion critical habitat. Daniel has also taught economics at the University of Washington and at Seattle University.


  • Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Washington
  • Masters of Arts in Economics from the University of Washington
  • Bachelors of Science in Economics (Magna cum Laude) from Virginia Commonwealth University


Abbott, J.K., D. Willard, and J. Xu. 2021. Feeding the dragon: the evolution of China’s seafood imports. Marine Policy 133, 104733. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104733.

Lloyd-Smith, P., J.K. Abbott, W. Adamowicz, and D. Willard. 2020. Intertemporal Substitution in Travel Cost Models with Seasonal Time Constraints. Land Economics 96:399-417.

Boenish, R., D. Willard, J.P. Kritzer, and K. Reardon. 2020. Fisheries Monitoring: Perspectives from the United States. Aquaculture and Fisheries 5:131-138.

Lloyd-Smith, P., J. Abbott, W. Adamowicz, and D. Willard. 2019. Decoupling the Value of Leisure Time from Labor Market Returns in Travel Cost Models. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists 6(2):1-28.

Abbott, J.K., P.L. Smith, D. Willard, and W. Adamowicz. 2018. Status-quo management of marine recreational fisheries undermines angler welfare. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1809549115.

Brown, G. and D. Willard. 2018. Managing a fishery with spatial/temporal/technological differentiation of shark harvesters and bycatch. Under review.

Ropicki, A., D. Willard, and S.L. Larkin. 2018. Proposed policy changes to the Gulf of Mexico red snapper IFQ program: Evaluating differential impacts by participant type. Ocean and Coastal Management 152:48-56.

Abbott, J.K. and D. Willard. 2017. Rights-Based Management for Recreational Fisheries: Evidence from a Policy Trial. Fisheries Research 196:106-116.

Whitehead, J. and D. Willard. 2016. The impact of climate change on marine recreational fishing with implications for the social cost of carbon. Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics 3(2), Article 7.