Reports and publications

  • What is carbon dioxide removal?

    Type: Fact Sheet

    Date: March 2, 2022

    EDF fact sheet on Carbon dioxide removal (CDR), which refers to a class of natural and technological strategies designed to remove carbon pollution directly from the atmosphere.

  • In recent years, carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technology has moved from theoretical concept to pilot scale, producing a handful of potentially scalable approaches for generating negative emissions by capturing carbon dioxide (CO2 ) from the atmosphere. This paper from EDF explores just one technology-based approach: direct air capture (DAC) with dedicated geologic storage, also known as direct air carbon capture and sequestration (DACCS).

  • Prioritizing Innovation for Decarbonization

    Type: Column/Article

    Date: March 2, 2022

    Achieving net-zero GHG emissions by mid-century requires a shift to low-carbon technologies throughout our energy system, many of which are not yet at significant commercial scale.

  • Aligning federal innovation budgets with climate goals.

  • Why the U.S. needs climate innovation

    Type: Fact Sheet

    Date: March 2, 2022

    Climate innovation is the creation of new or enhanced climate solutions through technology, public policy and investment models.

  • Joint Inputs from Environmental Defense Fund, Conservation International, and The Nature Conservancy on the framework for non-market approaches under Article 6.8 of the Paris Agreement.

  • N-Visible nitrogen balance framework

    Type: Report

    Date: February 17, 2022

    EDF Guide: A Robust and Practical Way to Measure Excess Nitrogen

  • Op-ed by Vanessa Puig-Williams about the one-year anniversary of Winter Storm Uri and need to invest in One Water solutions to avoid a repeat of the disruptive storm, which caused massive power and water disruptions.

  • Why the U.S. Needs Climate Innovation

    Type: Fact Sheet

    Date: February 15, 2022

    To avert the most damaging impacts of climate change, the U.S. will need to rapidly drive down emissions to net zero by no later than 2050 – a point at which we are releasing no more emissions than we can remove in a safe and responsible manner.

  • Evaluating climate risk in NEPA reviews

    Type: Report

    Date: February 15, 2022

    Report from EDF and partners combines an extensive review of previously conducted Environmental Impact Statements (“EIS”) with an examination of the legal framework, current practices, and next steps for integrating climate impact analysis into NEPA reviews.