Ecosystems publications and documents

  • This study presents the first systematic literature review of academic research on the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Community Rating System (CRS) program. The CRS is a voluntary program created in 1990 as a means to incentivize communities in the United States to implement floodplain management activities that surpass those required under the National Flood Insurance Program. As participating communities adopt additional flood mitigation measures, flood insurance policy holders in those communities receive reductions in their flood insurance premiums. To identity studies for inclusion, the authors searched three academic databases using the keywords “Community Rating System” and “Federal Emergency Management Agency” and “Community Rating System” and “FEMA.” We discovered 44 studies that met our selection criteria (e.g., peer-reviewed, focus on CRS, and are empirical) and are included in the review. The findings provide significant insights into the current state of research on the CRS. This paper concludes by providing some recommendations to policymakers aiming to enhance communities’ resilience to floods and by outlining a future research agenda for the academic and practitioner communities.

  • Protecting Groundwater Quality in California

    Type: Report

    Date: September 20, 2019

    Protecting groundwater quality is an essential component of sustainable water management. However, active groundwater management often focuses on maintaining groundwater quantity – a target that does not always ensure groundwater quality goals are met.

  • States that embrace innovative new ways to finance on-farm conservation can deliver multiple benefits to farmers, state residents, taxpayers and the environment.

  • A Prince among Monarchs

    Type: Report

    Date: June 1, 2019

    An interview with David Wolfe

  • A new report provides the most comprehensive dataset ever collected about on-farm nitrogen management practices in North Carolina to identify fertilizer solutions that increase operational resilience, and improve economic and environmental outcomes.

  • This fact sheet summarizes how dairy cooperatives and processors can engage farmers to make water quality improvements in the Chesapeake Bay region.

  • This guide helps dairy cooperatives and processors set goals, develop water quality programs, and engage farmers to make measurable progress on business and environmental outcomes.

  • This white paper summarizes four themes that emerged during a stakeholder dialogue convened by EDF, National Corn Growers Association and Farm Journal Foundation.

  • Farm finance and conservation

    Type: Report

    Date: September 6, 2018

    This report analyzes the impact of conservation on farm budgets with three in-depth case studies. 

  • Decision Tree for SGMA Comprehensive Allocation Method

    Type: Report

    Date: August 30, 2018

    This decision tree outlines a hypothetical scenario in order order to illustrate how a Groundwater Sustainability Agency would make pumping allocations consistent with groundwater rights law.