Ecosystems publications and documents

  • Coastal Resilience Program

    Type: Fact Sheet

    Date: July 13, 2020

    A fact sheet of EDF’s Coastal Resilience program and goals. 


    Type: Letter

    Date: February 27, 2020

    Letter signed by EDF and 38 other organizations to state and federal lawmakers in New York and New Jersey with recommendations for improving the US Army Corps of Engineers New York New Jersey Harbors and Tributaries Study (NYNJHATS).

  • NASDA report one-sheet

    Type: Report

    Date: February 10, 2020

    One-page summary of EDF’s NASDA report.

  • Farm finance one-sheet

    Type: Report

    Date: February 10, 2020

    Single page summary of EDF’s farm finance report.

  • Restoring natural infrastructure offers much promise as a means to reduce both flood hazard and exposure to complement and supplement other flood damage reduction strategies. Interest increased in flood risk reduction methods using natural and naturebased features, in part, because of increased recognition that such could provide both flood risk reduction and other benefits, such as water quality uplift, community recreational space, and fish and wildlife habitat. Recent flood disasters and the rising costs of disaster response and recovery have triggered policy shifts toward economically efficient investments that enhance greater community resilience. While natural infrastructure is becoming more widely recognized as a tactic for building community and ecological resilience to erosion and flooding, it remains underutilized. Actions to aid consideration of natural infrastructure and scale up its use are presented.

  • Conservation delivers financial benefits for dairy farmers

    Type: Report

    Date: November 15, 2019

    Report details how conservation benefits dairy farmers, even in a weak agricultural economy

  • Salton Sea Vision 2025

    Type: Fact Sheet

    Date: October 24, 2019

    The Salton Sea, the state’s largest lake, has shrunk by some 40 square miles, exposing tens of thousands of acres of playa, increasing dust and salinity, and reducing habitat. The state of California has a 10-year plan to reduce dust and build habitat around the Salton Sea, and more than $365 million in funding has been approved. However, work at the Sea has been stalled and the region has been ignored far too long.

  • This study presents the first systematic literature review of academic research on the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Community Rating System (CRS) program. The CRS is a voluntary program created in 1990 as a means to incentivize communities in the United States to implement floodplain management activities that surpass those required under the National Flood Insurance Program. As participating communities adopt additional flood mitigation measures, flood insurance policy holders in those communities receive reductions in their flood insurance premiums. To identity studies for inclusion, the authors searched three academic databases using the keywords “Community Rating System” and “Federal Emergency Management Agency” and “Community Rating System” and “FEMA.” We discovered 44 studies that met our selection criteria (e.g., peer-reviewed, focus on CRS, and are empirical) and are included in the review. The findings provide significant insights into the current state of research on the CRS. This paper concludes by providing some recommendations to policymakers aiming to enhance communities’ resilience to floods and by outlining a future research agenda for the academic and practitioner communities.

  • Protecting Groundwater Quality in California

    Type: Report

    Date: September 20, 2019

    Protecting groundwater quality is an essential component of sustainable water management. However, active groundwater management often focuses on maintaining groundwater quantity – a target that does not always ensure groundwater quality goals are met.

  • States that embrace innovative new ways to finance on-farm conservation can deliver multiple benefits to farmers, state residents, taxpayers and the environment.