REDD+ document archive

A collection of key documents on the REDD+ program

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), which EDF helped pioneer, is based on establishing economic incentives for people who care for the forest so forests are worth money standing, not just cleared and burned for timber and charcoal. The best way to do this is to allow forest communities and tropical forest nations to sell carbon credits when they can prove they have lowered deforestation below a baseline.

This is a collection of key documents on the REDD+ program.

International climate policy & REDD+

  • FCPF, FIP, UNREDD Summary [PDF] (October 2012. 3 pages) Summary of UN-REDD, Forest Inverstment, and Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Programs.
  • REDD+ overview [PDF] (June 2009. 2 pages) Brief, non-technical summary of what REDD+ is, how it works and what benefits it provides.
  • REDD+ Factsheet [PDF] (April 2010. 2 pages) Brief summary of the necessity of REDD+ in curbing greenhouse gas emissions and preserving indigenous forest peoples’ traditional lifestyles. This two-page factsheet also discusses the co-benefits of REDD+ to domestic and international communities.
  • Diagram of Carbon Credits for Reduced Deforestation (REDD+) [PDF] (March 2010. 1 page) See step-by-step how carbon credits for reduced deforestation are created, financed, verified, purchased, and ultimately provide sustainable economic alternatives for forest communities.
  • REDD+ Initiatives Around the World [PDF] (March 2010. 1 page) REDD+ initiatives are happening around the world. Support for REDD+ is gaining traction in national and sub-national climate change policy in developed and developing countries. This map highlights several examples of where and how this is happening.
  • Getting REDD+ Right [PDF] (Updated: Jan 2008. 8 pages) In-depth description of the 7 essential components of a successful REDD policy.
  • A Day in the Life of a REDD+ Credit [PDF] (Updated: Nov 2009. 2 pages) Description of production and transfer of REDD+ credits to U.S. companies to use for compliance with a domestic climate law.
  • Integrating agriculture, forestry and other land use in future climate regimes: Methodological issues and policy options [PDF] (Trines, Eveline, et al. Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. October 2006. 154 pages.) This report presents five policy options which, if voluntarily employed by non-Annex 1 parties, will lead to a broader and deeper participation under a possible post-2012 climate regime, promote development, and enable Annex 1 parties to adopt commitments that lead to deeper cuts in emissions.
  • Q & A on Deforestation: Forest Carbon and Climate Protection [PDF] (Jan 2006. 9 pages.) In-depth discussion of key REDD+ issues, including forest carbon measurement, additionality, leakage, economics of REDD+ and REDD+ in carbon markets.
  • Rainforest Credits [PDF] (Carbon Finance, Dec 2005/Jan 2006 1 page) EDF predicted deforestation would become a key issue in global climate policy when carbon credits from reduced deforestation emerged as a surprise topic at the 2005 climate talks in Montreal.
  • Tropical Deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol: An Editorial Essay [PDF] (Santilli et al. Climatic Change. Jan 2005 10 pages) This landmark essay provided the first overview of REDD+’s precursor, compensated reduction, a policy approach that would compensate nations that reduced deforestation below historical levels, and proposed inclusion of forest credits in a post-2012 climate agreement
  • Why REDD+ Matters [PDF] (Updated: Jan 2007. 2 pages) Overview of how REDD+ can help keep global warming under 2 degrees Celsius and a brief description of the components of a successful REDD+ policy

U.S. climate legislation & REDD+

  • Tropical Forest and Climate Coalition The TFCC is a groundbreaking alliance, of major U.S. businesses, non-governmental organizations—including EDF—and scientific institutions working to protect tropical forests as part of the solution to climate change. The TFCC website contains information about the coalition, its founding unity agreement and other resources from the coalition and its members.
  • Tropical Forest and Climate Unity Agreement [PDF] (TFCC. May 2009. 3 pages.) List of 14 key REDD+ provisions that must be included in U.S. climate legislation, as agreed by the 20 member organizations of the Tropical Forest and Climate Coalition.

The economics of REDD+

Tropical deforestation


Case studies

  • National- and State-level REDD+ in Brazil (Sept 2009. 6 pages.) Case study of Brazil’s successful efforts to reduce deforestation in certain hotspots Executive summary [PDF], Report [PDF]


Indigenous rights

  • REDD+ in Indigenous Territories of the Amazon Basin [PDF] (Instituto Socioambiental [ISA], et al. Sept 2009. 9 pages.) Paper discussing how carbon credits that result from forest projects developed in indigenous lands belong to the indigenous peoples, groups or communities that hold the right to permanent possession and exclusive right to use the lands’ resources
  • Manaus Declaration [PDF] (April 2008. 3 pages.) A pledge to work to improve indigenous peoples’ rights through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and a post-Kyoto Protocol agreement, signed by indigenous peoples’ representatives from Latin America, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Measuring and monitoring