Kristina Mohlin

Director and Lead Senior Economist


Areas of expertise:
Climate and energy policy, environmental policy instruments, gas transportation markets, wholesale electricity market design, electricity tariff design

Kristina Mohlin is a Director and Lead Senior Economist in the Office of the Chief Economist, where she provides economics expertise to support the organization’s advocacy on energy markets and looks for ways to bridge the gap between the research community and policymakers.

Kristina’s area of expertise is climate and energy policy. She leads and coordinates analyses on economics and policy instrument design that supports EDF's advocacy focused on reducing methane emissions from the global oil and gas sector. Kristina has also worked on U.S. gas pipeline transportation and wholesale electricity markets and on electricity tariff design.

For more information about Kristina’s research, please visit her own website.


Prior to joining EDF, Kristina was a PhD student at the Department of Economics at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, under the supervision of Profs Jessica Coria and Thomas Sterner. Before transitioning to economics, she studied engineering and served as a research assistant at the Division of Physical Resource Theory at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.


  • Ph.D. in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • M.Sc.Eng. (Civilingenjör) in Industrial Engineering and Management, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.


Lackner, M., J.R. Camuzeaux, S. Kerr and K. Mohlin (2021). “Pricing methane emissions from oil and gas production”. Environmental Defense Fund Economics Discussion Paper Series. EDF EDP 21-04.

Unel, B., R. Esparza, E. Spiller and K. Tapia-Ahumada (2021). “Retail electricity design, distributed energy resources and emissions”. Institute for Policy Integrity at NYU School of Law. Working Paper 2021/1.

Mohlin, K., A. Piebalgs and M. Olczak (2021). “Designing an EU methane performance standard for natural gas”. Florence School of Regulation Policy Brief. Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies. Issue 2021/09.

Mohlin, K. (2021). “The US gas pipeline transportation market. An introductory guide with research questions for the energy transition”. Environmental Defense Fund Economics Discussion Paper Series, EDF EDP 21-01.

Spiller, E., R. Esparza, K. Mohlin, K. Tapia-Ahumada and B. Unel (2020). “The role of electricity tariff design in distributed energy resource deployment”. Environmental Defense Fund Economics Discussion Paper Series, EDF EDP 20-03.

Mohlin, K., A. Bi, S. Brooks, J.R. Camuzeaux and T. Stoerk (2019). "Turning the corner on US power sector CO2 emissions - a 1990-2015 state level analysis". Environmental Research Letters, 14, 084049.

Mohlin, K., J.R. Camuzeaux, A. Muller, M Schneider and G. Wagner (2018). “Factoring in the forgotten role of renewables in CO2 emission trends using decomposition analysis”. Energy Policy, 116, 290-296.

Coria, J. and K. Mohlin (2017). "On refunding of emission taxes and technology diffusion". Strategic Behavior and the Environment, 6(3), pp 205-248.

Convery, F. J., K. Mohlin and E. Spiller (2017). “Policy brief—Designing electric utility rates: insights on achieving efficiency, equity, and environmental goals.” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 11 (1), 156-164.

Jensen, S., K. Mohlin, K. Pittel, K. and T. Sterner (2015). "An introduction to the Green Paradox: The unintended consequences of climate policies." Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 9(2), 246-265.

Bonilla, J., J. Coria, K. Mohlin and T. Sterner (2015). "Refunded emission payments and diffusion of NOx abatement technologies in Sweden." Ecological Economics, 116, 132-145.

Badtke-Berkow, M., M. Centore, K. Mohlin and B. Spiller (2015). “ Primer on time-variant electricity pricing”, EDF Whitepaper.

Mohlin, K., B. Spiller, M. Badtke-Berkow, J. Fine, G. Donzelli and C. Larose (2014). “SolaROI: estimating returns to residential solar panels from underlying tariff structures and compensation mechanisms", EDF Whitepaper.

Damon, M., K. Mohlin and T. Sterner (2013). “Putting a price on the future of our children and grandchildren.” In Livermore, M., & Revesz, R. (eds), The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy, Oxford University Press.

Wirsenius, S., F. Hedenus and K. Mohlin (2011). “Greenhouse gas taxes on animal food products: rationale, tax scheme and climate mitigation effects.Climatic Change, 108(1-2), 159-184.

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