Updated: August 2019
Summary: An overhaul in 2016 of the main U.S. chemical safety law, the Toxic Substances Control Act, required EPA to choose the first 10 chemicals for risk evaluation. 1-bromopropane, one of the first 10 chemicals, is a chemical used in dry cleaning, foam furniture cushions, lubricants, and a range of other products. The U.S. National Toxicology Program has classified it as "reasonably anticipated" to be a human carcinogen.
What kinds of products may use it?
- Vapor and aerosol degreasers for cleaning electronic, metal, plastic, and optic equipment
- Cold cleaning degreasers
- Aerosol adhesives
- Spot cleaner/ stain remover
- Foam cushions
- Mold release products
What hazards does it pose?
- Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen
- Reproductive toxicity
- Developmental toxicity
- Liver and kidney toxicity
Who may be exposed or most at risk?
- Workers and occupational bystanders in 1-bromopropane manufacturing and processing industries or using commercial products containing 1-bromopropane
- Consumers using products containing 1-bromopropane
- Pregnant women/children/developing fetus
- People that live in environments contaminated with 1-bromopropane
Production profile (2015)
- U.S. manufacture (production and import): 25,900,000 lbs
- Number of manufacturers: At least 8
- Number of manufacturing sites: 9
What industries use it?
- Laundry /Dry Cleaning
- Furniture manufacturing
- Adhesive and sealant manufacturing
- Chemical manufacturing
- Agricultural products
- Cleaning and furniture care products