Habitat exchanges transform conservation

In fast-changing rural America, existing tools for protecting wildlife can no longer preserve habitat on a large enough scale.

We saw an opportunity to connect unlikely allies – landowners, industry and conservationists – for a new kind of conservation.

New incentives to protect wildlife

Swainson's hawk

The Swainson's hawk has lost much of its habitat to development and agricultural production in California's Central Valley. Habitat exchanges are helping to save the rare bird.

Credit: S.J. & Jessie Quinney Library

We developed habitat exchanges, which offer incentives for private landowners, industry and conservationists to collaborate in a way that everyone wins, including wildlife.

In the U.S., where about 70 percent of land is privately owned, habitat exchanges allow species to coexist with farming, ranching and forestry.

The idea is simple: Make protecting vulnerable wildlife profitable by paying landowners to preserve habitat. The more habitat they maintain, the more they earn.

The payments come from energy companies and other developers looking to offset the environmental impact of their projects.

Species of all kinds benefit

Video: See how habitat exchanges are poised to save the imperiled monarch butterfly.

Habitat exchanges are saving a variety of species, such as the:

Planning is underway to create habitat exchanges to protect a host of other species, including the iconic monarch butterfly, whose population has plummeted 95 percent in two decades.

So far, the federal government and six states – California, Nevada, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana and North Carolina – have recognized habitat exchanges as a mechanism for species conservation.

Emerging exchanges are already showing the value of protecting wildlife while maintaining economic opportunity for people who work the land.

Habitat exchange blog posts

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