Nanotechnology –- the design and manipulation of materials at the atomic and molecular scale -– has great potential to deliver environmental and other benefits, but it may also pose significant risks to human health and the environment.
Government and industry should work to identify and manage possible health risks before new products are widely used.
- Environmental Defense Fund's Activities on Nanotechnology [PDF] A summary of our activities to spur responsible development of nanotechnology, including advocating for regulatory reform, promoting risk research, developing international standards and creating industry best practice. (June 2007)
- Getting Nanotechnology Right the First Time [PDF] National Academy of Sciences article on nanotech summarizing Environmental Defense Fund's perspective on this evolving science. (Summer 2005)
- Environmental Defense Fund's Perspective on Responsible Nanotechnology Development [PDF] - presentation to the Special Session on Nanotechnology at the 36th OECD Joint Meeting, Paris, France. (6/05)
- Environmental Defense Fund Envestors issue on nanotechnology [PDF] - includes feature article, excerpt of Wall Street Journal opinion piece (by DuPont CEO Chad Holliday and Environmental Defense Fund president Fred Krupp), and an interview with Swiss Re risk specialist Annabelle Hett. (Summer 2005)
- "Let's Get Nanotech Right [PDF]" (6/05), Wall Street Journal, Environmental Defense Fund and DuPont
- "An Ounce of Prevention [PDF]" (11/05), The News-Sentinel, Fort Wayne, Environmental Defense Fund and NanoBusiness Alliance
Improve regulatory policy
Government needs to provide for the comprehensive management of those risks that are identified—from a full life-cycle perspective, taking into account worker safety, manufacturing releases and wastes, product use and product disposal. Government needs first to exert its existing authority to more effectively address nanotechnology risks in the near term. An objective assessment is also needed to identify and address gaps in existing regulatory programs.
Get the details
- "Too Little, Too Late" - Environmental Defense Fund's public statement [PDF] and final comments [PDF] submitted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on its proposals to develop a Voluntary Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program, in which we call on EPA to act much more aggressively to protect the public and the environment from the potential risks of engineered nanoscale materials. We urge EPA to rapidly develop and implement mandatory reporting rules in lieu of a voluntary program, and to designate nano forms of bulk chemicals to be "new" chemicals under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). (9/07)
- Summary of Environmental Defense Fund's response [PDF] to a recent American Bar Association paper, in which we explain why nanomaterials should be considered "new" chemicals subject to EPA review before commercialization, even if their chemical structures are the same as existing chemicals already on the TSCA Inventory. We presented our response at a briefing held with EPA staff. (8/06)
- Letter from Environmental Defense Fund to U.S. EPA [PDF] addressing why engineered nanomaterials should be considered "new" chemical susbtances under the Toxic Substances Control Act (5/06)
- Letter from Environmental Defense Fund to U.S. EPA [PDF] addressing the Toxic Substances Control Act and nanotechnology issues (9/04)
- Environmental Defense Fund's presentations at the Environmental Law Institute/Woodrow Wilson Center Forum on Nanotechnology: Technical [PDF] and legal [PDF] aspects of identification and management of nanotechnology risks. (5/05)
- Interview: Can Nanotech be Regulated? Recent toxicology studies have given some concern that nanomaterials could pose unique hazards. Technology Review, a publication of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, recently asked Richard Denison, senior scientist at Environmental Defense Fund and a long-time observer of the U.S. environmental regulation system, how we should regulate nanotechnology. (1/06)
- Joint Statement of Principles [PDF] - Principles adopted by Environmental Defense Fund and American Chemistry Council Nanotechnology Panel for presentation at an EPA public meeting on nanotechnology (5/05)
Increase risk research
Government and industry need to act now to ensure that the risks of nanomaterials are identified and addressed before such materials are incorporated into products for commercial production. Far more federal research dollars need to be spent on health and environmental implications of nanotechnology, to ensure that the critical research needed to identify potential risks is done expeditiously. Similarly, private industry needs to invest in generating data on the hazards of nanotechnology products before exposing workers, consumers, the public and the environment.
Get the details
- Testimony of Dr. Richard A. Denison [PDF] (10/07) and Supplemental Testimony [PDF] (11/07), submitted to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science for a hearing on "Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology: Current Status of Planning and Implementation Under the National Nanotechnology Initiative."
- Letters to Senate and House Appropriations Committees:
- Letter signed by 19 organizations [PDF], including large and small businesses as well as environmental groups, urging Congress to provide funding for the National Academy of Sciences to develop a roadmap and strategy to guide the federal government's environmental, health and safety research on nanomaterials. (2/07)
- Letter signed by 14 organizations [PDF], including large and small businesses as well as environmental groups, urging Congress to "significantly increase appropriations directed to research on the health and environmental implications of nanotechnology." (2/06)
- Environmental Defense Fund proposal [PDF] to increase U.S. federal funding of nanotechnology risk research to at least $100 million annually. Analysis providing support for spending at this level to identify the potential risks of nanomaterials. (4/05)
- Testimony of Dr. Richard A. Denison [PDF] to the United States House of Representatives Committee on Science for a Hearing on "Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology: What Research is Needed?" (11/05)
- Environmental Defense Fund presentation to the National Academy of Sciences' Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative - Provides our views on the federal government's role in addressing nanotechnology risks. Written statement [PDF] | PowerPoint slides [PDF] (3/05)
- Bibliography [PDF] of references and abstracts of risk-related research studies on nanomaterials compiled by Environmental Defense Fund. (4/05)