Pamela Baker

Senior Director, Indonesia


Areas of expertise:
Ocean resource management, fisheries management, focus on marine tenure and marine protection zones to rebuild and sustain fish populations and livelihoods, reef fish, shrimp, sharks; commercial, sport, and small scale fishing

Pam has worked to transform fisheries management across the globe for three decades in the U.S., Latin America, Pacific Islands and Asia. Pam collaborates with fishermen, fish buyers and processors, communities, academics, conservationists, and governments to rebuild and sustain fisheries in ways that align society’s use of oceans with long-term conservation. She has played a pivotal role in designing and implementing fishery management plans featuring marine tenure, marine protection zones, safe catch limits and other tools to help rebuild and sustain reef fish and shrimp fisheries, and improve protections of sea turtles and sharks.

In 2014, Pamela became EDF’s Indonesia lead. In this role, she works with organizations, government, communities and other stakeholders to explore ways to design and implement fisheries management systems that help communities prosper even as they help rebuild depleted fish populations and marine ecosystems. Prior to this role, she served as the Senior Director of EDF’s Gulf of Mexico Program with work encompassing the U.S., Mexico and Cuba.


  • Fisheries conservation and management experience in the U.S., Belize, Mexico, Cuba, Federated States of Micronesia, and Indonesia
  • Played a key role in building coalitions and implementing model federal marine tenure fishery management program in the U.S. for reef fish in the Gulf of Mexico
  • Assisted fishing industry participants to organize and build capacity to participate in fishery management
  • Served on U.S. Federal and State advisory panels managing reef, shrimp and highly migratory fisheries
  • Served on Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council advisory panels for managing red snapper, groupers, essential fish habitat, and marine reserves
  • Marine extension agent, Federated States of Micronesia (1993-1995)
  • Assistant for coastal resources, U.S. Navy (1992)
  • Fisheries biologist, National Marine Fisheries Service (1990 and 1996)
  • Marine reserve biologist, Hol Chan Marine Reserve, Belize (1987-1989)


  • B.S., Marine Biology, Texas A&M University
  • M.A., Marine Affairs, University of Rhode Island


Publications, Major Reports & Presentations (selected)

  • Leal, D., M. DeAlessi, and P. Baker. 2008. Beyond IFQs in Marine Fisheries. Property and Environment Research Center, Bozeman, Montana.
  • Leal, D., M. DeAlessi, and P. Baker. 2005. The ecological role of IFQs in U.S. Fisheries. Property and Environment Research Center, Bozeman, Montana.
  • Coleman, F., P. Baker, and C. Koenig. 2004. A review of Gulf of Mexico marine protected areas: successes, failures, and lessons learned. Fisheries. 29(2):10-21.
  • Mathis, M. and P. Baker. 2002. Assurance bonds: a tool for managing environmental costs in aquaculture. Aquaculture Economics and Management. 6(1&2):1-18.
  • Baker, P., F. Cox, and P. Emerson. 1998. Management of Red Snapper in the Gulf of Mexico. Presented at the January 1998 meeting of the National Research Council’s panel on Individual Transferable Quotas. New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • Baker, P. 1997. Coastal Shrimp Farming in Texas. In Goldburg, B. and T. Triplett. 1997. Murky Waters: Environmental Effects of Aquaculture in the United States. Environmental Defense Fund. New York, New York.
  • Baker, P., A. Edward, and M. Abraham. 1995. Recommendations and Progress towards a Pohnpei State Coastal Resources Management Program. A report to the Pohnpei State Department of Conservation and Resource Surveillance. (Federated States of Micronesia)
  • Baker, P. and A. Edward. 1995. Grounding of the MV Dang Delima: Biological assessment and economic valuation. A report to the Pohnpei State Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Sedberry, G., J. Carter and P. Baker. 1992. A comparison of fish communities between protected and unprotected areas of the Belize reef ecosystem: Implications for conservation and management. In Proceedings of the 45th Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Meeting.
  • Minello, T., R. Zimmerman, and P. Barrick (Baker). 1989. Experimental studies on selection for vegetative structure by Penaeid shrimp. A report to the Texas Water Development Board and the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.

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