12 fish you've probably never heard of but should eat
West Coast: Chilipepper rockfish
What makes it a great choice? A new type of rockfish management program that began in 2011 has helped West Coast fishermen stay within catch limits, avoid overfished species and stay out of sensitive areas.
Kitchen notes: Medium-firm flesh suitable for many types of preparations. This fish is sometimes called the Pacific red snapper, though it technically is not a snapper.
Credit: Seafood Watch
West Coast: Yellowtail rockfish
What makes it a great choice? The same program that helped the chilipepper rockfish has helped this related species.
Kitchen notes: The yellowtail rockfish has medium-firm flesh and a mild taste, making it suitable for many dishes.
Credit: West Caught Fish Company
West Coast: Skate
What makes it a great choice? A new type of management program has helped West Coast fishermen who harvest longnose skate stay within catch limits, avoid overfished species and stay out of sensitive areas.
Kitchen notes: Skate has a mild flavor and tender texture, and is often compared to scallops.
Credit: Seafood Watch
West Coast: Lingcod
What makes it a great choice? Despite the name, these fish aren’t actually cod. Found only on the West Coast, these bottom-dwellers are thriving, with a population above target levels, thanks to smart management.
Kitchen notes: Mildly flavored and tender in texture. When cooked, it flakes in large chunks.
Alaska: Snow crab
What makes it a great choice? After a sustainable fishing method was launched in 2005, the once-depleted snow crab has rebounded in numbers and is now safe to eat.
Kitchen notes: This crab has a sweet flavor and a delicate texture.
Gulf of Alaska: Pacific ocean perch
What makes it a great choice? After foreign fishing in U.S. waters was phased out in 1976—and sustainable fishing practices were put in place—the once-depleted Pacific ocean perch has recovered from overfishing.
Kitchen notes: Lean and firm flesh, with a delicate nutty flavor.
Gulf Coast: Red snapper
What makes it a great choice? With EDF’s help, Gulf of Mexico red snapper has been sustainably managed since 2007. Populations have increased significantly. Fishermen in this area also have reduced discards (unwanted fish caught accidentally) by 50%.
Kitchen notes: A highly versatile, firm-fleshed fish, red snapper has a mild nutty flavor.
Gulf Coast: Red grouper
What makes it a great choice? Both red and black grouper from the Gulf of Mexico are managed carefully to ensure that they are not overfished.
Kitchen notes: This firm fish holds up well to many types of preparation, and is difficult to overcook—making it a good choice for beginner cooks.
East Coast: Atlantic Pollock
What makes it a great choice? In New England, the pollock fishery is now managed sustainably, and the population is healthy. This species is different from Alaskan pollock—but both are sustainable choices.
Kitchen notes: This delicate fish is moderately firm when cooked, with a robust flavor.
East Coast: Monkfish
What makes it a great choice? Historically overfished, a monkfish rebuilding plan launched in 2000. By 2008, this fish had recovered, and managers now focus on keeping its population healthy and sustainable.
Kitchen notes: Often called the “poor man’s lobster,” monkfish are firm and mildly flavored.
East Coast: Acadian redfish
What makes it a great choice? A slow-growing, slow-reproducing fish, Acadian redfish hit an all-time low in the mid-1980s. Now closely managed, it has bounced back. This fish is also known as ocean perch, and shouldn’t be confused with Gulf redfish, which are a type of drum.
Kitchen notes: This versatile fish is lean, flaky and moist.
East Coast: Silver hake
What makes it a great choice? Also known as Atlantic whiting, this fish has been historically ignored in favor of cod, a close relative. It’s a great alternative because its population is stable.
Kitchen notes: This delicate, mildly flavored fish is softer and moister than cod.
More: EDF Seafood Selector
Not sure if your favorite seafood is sustainable? Or curious about the fish and shellfish you see for sale at your local grocer? Our Seafood Selector provides expert guidance.
SourcesMore details and cooking tips:
- Pacific ocean perch: http://www.highlinerfs.com/resources/species-information/ocean-perch/
- Skate: http://www.montereyfish.com/pages/indvseafood/w_skate.html
- Lingcod: http://www.fishwatch.gov/profiles/lingcod
- Chilipepper rockfish: http://www.cookingfishmonger.com/rockfish-facts.html
- Crab: http://www.fishchoice.com/buying-guide/snow-crab
- Red grouper: http://seattlefishnm.com/products/factsheets/red-grouper
- Atlantic pollock: http://www.brownetrading.com/species-spotlight/atlantic-pollock/
- Monkfish: http://www.fishchoice.com/buying-guide/monkfish
- Silver hake: http://www.highlinerfs.com/resources/species-information/whiting-hake/, http://www.fooduniversity.com/foodu/seafood_c/resources/ocean%20fin/Cold%20Water/Cod/whitingN.htm