Fred Krupp



In his 30 years as head of Environmental Defense Fund, Fred Krupp has overseen the growth of EDF from a small nonprofit with a budget of $3 million to a recognized worldwide leader in the environmental movement. Under his direction, EDF’s full-time staff has increased from 50 to 350, membership has expanded from 40,000 to over one million and new offices have opened across America and in China and Mexico.

Krupp is widely recognized as a pioneer in harnessing market forces for environmental ends, such as the market-based acid rain reduction plan in the 1990 Clean Air Act that The Economist praised in 2002 as “the greatest green success story of the past decade.” Krupp also broke new ground by engaging companies to lessen their impact on the environment. Strategic partnerships with FedEx, McDonald’s and Walmart, among others, have resulted in the development of hybrid electric midsize trucks, the elimination of millions of pounds of packaging waste and the improvement of energy efficiency across the global retail supply chain.

In recent years Krupp has become perhaps best known as an influential leader on climate and energy. In 2007, he played a key role in the $45 billion buyout of the Texas energy giant TXU, then the largest buyout in corporate history. The same year, he helped launch a corporate-nonprofit climate coalition, the U.S. Climate Action Partnership. He is coauthor, with Miriam Horn, of the New York Times bestseller, Earth: The Sequel – The Race to Reinvent Energy and Stop Global Warming, published by W.W. Norton. In 2011, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu appointed Krupp to the seven-member panel charged with recommending measures to reduce the environmental impact and improve the safety of shale gas production. On the panel, Krupp was a powerful voice for greater oversight and enforcement, strong regulation of air and water pollution, public disclosure of chemicals in fracking fluids and waste water, minimization of land use impacts and reduction of methane leakage.


Educated at Yale and the University of Michigan Law School, Krupp lives with his family in Connecticut. An avid rower, he won a gold medal in the 2006 World Rowing Masters Regatta sponsored by FISA, the international rowing federation.

He has been profiled in The Wall Street Journal and The New Republic and in 2007 was among 18 people named America’s Best Leaders by U.S. News and World Report.

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