Timeline of EPA action on climate pollution
Landmarks in EPA's effort to protect human health and the environment
July 22, 2013
Responses filed by the U.S. Solicitor General, EDF and a coalition of other NGOs, and states including New York, Massachusetts, and California, opposing the request for Supreme Court review.
The U.S. Supreme Court received petitions for certiorari to review the D.C. Circuit’s decision from an array of industry groups and some states.
December 20, 2013
The United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit denied petitions for rehearing "en banc," meaning the court would not consider overturning its own June decision upholding EPA’s approach to regulating greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act.
June 26, 2012
United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit rules in favor of clean air protections, denying petitions against the Climate Pollution Endangerment Finding and the Clean Car Standards and dismissing petitions against the Timing and Tailoring Rules.
February 28-29, 2012
Oral argument defending EPA’s historic, common sense policies controlling climate pollution.
July 1, 2011
New sources emitting at least 100,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year and modified sources emitting at least 75,000 tons of additional CO2 per year due to the modification must obtain a permit under EPA's Prevention of Significant Deterioration program and apply the best available control technology to control air pollution emissions.
May 10, 2011
Merits briefing in the cases begins.
January 2, 2011
Large industrial sources of greenhouse gas pollution (emitting at least 75,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year) already subject to EPA's Prevention of Significant Deterioration air permitting program begin addressing greenhouse gas emissions by deploying available, cost-effective pollution controls when applying for air permits.
Cleaner cars available for model year 2012 will save consumers an estimated $3,000 over the life of the vehicle in fuel costs, help break our oil addiction, and reduce dangerous pollution.
December 10, 2010
A D.C. Circuit panel of judges denies motions by a coalition of large emitters and the state of Texas to suspend EPA's greenhouse gas pollution reduction policies while the rules are being challenged in court. The court determines that the movants had not shown that they would be harmed by the challenged rules.
July 6, 2010
The American Chemistry Council challenges long standing EPA rules that govern when facilities must apply for permits and deploy cost-effective emissions control technologies for air pollution.
June 3, 2010
EPA issues the final Tailoring Rule providing for only the largest emitters of greenhouse gas pollution to apply for permits. The rule is challenged in the D.C. Circuit on the same day.
May 7, 2010
EPA finalizes the Vehicle Rule which establishes greenhouse gas emissions standards for new passenger vehicles model years 2012-2016. The standards are supported by the auto manufacturers, United Auto Workers, and a number of states. The standards are challenged in the D.C. Circuit on the same day.
December 15, 2009
EPA publishes the Endangerment Finding determining that six greenhouse gases endanger the public health and welfare of current and future generations. On December 23, 2009 the Endangerment Finding is challenged in the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington, D.C. ("D.C. Circuit").
July 30, 2008
The Bush EPA issues an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking requesting public comments on how the agency should address climate pollution under the Clean Air Act.
January 31, 2008
Bush EPA Administrator Stephen Johnson transmits a letter to the President noting that the decision in Massachusetts v. EPA "combined with the latest science of climate change requires the Agency to propose a positive endangerment finding."
April 2, 2007
The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Massachusetts v. EPA that greenhouse gases are pollutants under the Clean Air Act and directs EPA to fulfill its statutory obligation to determine whether climate pollution endangers public health and welfare.
September 8, 2003
EPA reverses the Cannon legal opinion and publishes a notice denying the International Center for Technology Assessment's petition. This decision is challenged and the case moves through the courts.
October 20, 1999
The International Center for Technology Assessment and 18 other organizations file a petition with EPA requesting the agency to take action under the Clean Air Act to reduce CO2 and other climate disrupting pollutants that are released from motor vehicles.
April 10, 1998
EPA General Counsel Jonathan Cannon issues a legal opinion determining that "CO2 [carbon dioxide] emissions are within the scope of EPA's authority to regulate."